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考研英语阅读填空式新题型有什么做题方法

更新时间:22-12-30

【摘要】今天新航道小编为大家说说关于考研英语阅读填空式新题型有什么做题方法的相关内容,大家一起来看看吧。

【关键词】考研英语阅读填空式新题型

    今天新航道小编为大家说说关于考研英语阅读填空式新题型有什么做题方法的相关内容,大家一起来看看吧。

  衔接手段一:逻辑衔接

  连接上下文的衔接必然少不了逻辑关系的出现,例如并列,总分,转折,让步等,但是这些逻辑关系在填空式阅读中的使用先后顺序以及使用条件是不同的。

考研英语阅读填空式新题型

  (1) 最好用,最常用:因果关系

  因:because,for this reason, considering, owing to, due to, on account of

  果:in that, so, thus, therefore, accordingly, why

  上述逻辑关系词任何两个都要连在一起,因为一段话中原因和结果通常是同时出现的。

  例如2012年D选项:

  But for all the reasons there are to celebrate the computer, we must also act with caution. (42) ___________. I call it a secret war for two reasons. First, most people do not realise that there are strong commercial agendas at work to keep them in passive consumption mode. Second, the majority of people who use networked computers to upload are not even aware of the significance of what they are doing.

  [D] This is because the networked computer has sparked a secretwar between downloading and uploading — between passive consumption and active creation — whose outcome will shape our collective future in ways we can only begin to imagine.

  D选项中出现了原因标志词because,42题空后出现reasons,两个原因应该连在一起。

  (2)提示词+n.——提示n.复现

  same/similar(ly)/equal(ly)/other/another + 单词

  这几个词的用法和衔接标志指代是一样的,但凡出现了,其后紧跟的词必然在上文出现,也就是说如果选项开头有标志词,去空前找其后单词即可,如果空后出现了标志词,去选项末尾找其后所跟的单词。

  例如2015年E选项:

  You infer information you feel the writer has invited you to grasp by presenting you with specific evidence and clues. (42) _______

  [E]You make further inferences, for instance, about how the text may be significant to you, or about its validity—inferences that form the basis of a personal response for which the author will inevitably be far less responsible.

  E选项开头出现了further这个标志词,去空前找其后的单词inferences,在42空前找到同根词infer,故42空选E。

  (3)其余逻辑词(例如并列,总分,转折):提醒本句内复现

  例如2015年B选项:

  Such background material inevitably reflects who we are. (44) _______.This doesn’t, however, make interpretation merely relative or even pointless.

  [B] Factors such as the place and period in which we are reading, our gender, ethnicity, age and social class will encourage us towards certain interpretations but at the same time obscure or even close off others.

  44空后出现转折词however,提醒我们这句话内有单词和某选项内单词,反复出现,即复现。观察选项发现B选项中interpretation复现。

  衔接手段二:词汇衔接——复现

  这种衔接两句话的首段是两句话内有单词相同,反复出现,原词或同义词均可。为了给大家降低难度,复现满足以下几点:

  (1)复现的词为实词:名词、动词、形容词、副词

  (2)通常是两个及两个以上的词复现

  一个词复现通常单词比较长,或者有“”等特殊标志

  (3)复现位置

  空格前一句——选项第 一句

  选项最后一句——空格后一句

  例如2005年C选项:

  What to do? Both the Romanow commission and the Kirby committee on health care—to say nothing of reports from other experts—recommended the creation of a national drug agency. Instead of each province having its own list of approved drugs, bureaucracy, procedures and limited bargaining power, all would pool resources, work with Ottawa, and create a national institution.

  (42) _____________.

  But “national” doesn’t have to mean that. “National” could mean interprovincial—provinces combining efforts to create one body.

  [C] What does “national” mean? Roy Romanow and Senator Michael Kirby recommended a federal-provincial body much like the recently created National Health Council.

  该题中national这个词原词复现,national属于形容词,一个单词不显眼,但是用双引号标记出来了,跟42的空前空后都有复现,符合上述条件。

  我们解填空式阅读整篇文章时,应按以下解题步骤:

  step1:浏览选项,画出衔接标志(指代/逻辑/数字)

  step2:根据选项中的衔接标志回原文中找对应衔接对象

  选择衔接标志最明显(顺序:数字﹥指代﹥逻辑)/衔接手段种类最多的选项先解题

  step3:(若选项衔接标志不足以解完题)浏览空前后,画出衔接标志(指代/逻辑)

  step4: 根据空前后的衔接标志去选项中找对应衔接对象

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