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考研英语阅读:小符号中的九大“秘密”

更新时间:22-04-25

【摘要】 阅读作为考研英语的半壁江山,也是英语复习中的重难点,在讨论如何攻克阅读大关的时候大家往往注意到的是长难句、重点单词之类的,不知道大家没有注意过那些隐藏其中的标点符号呢,今天就带大家一览那些藏在标点符号背后的"大文章"。

【关键词】考研英语阅读

  阅读作为考研英语的半壁江山,也是英语复习中的重难点,在讨论如何攻克阅读大关的时候大家往往注意到的是长难句、重点单词之类的,不知道大家没有注意过那些隐藏其中的标点符号呢,今天就带大家一览那些藏在标点符号背后的"大文章"。

  1、逗号

  用于分割并列成分。考研重点:两个逗号之间,或者一个逗号之后,如果是补充说明成分时,跳过不看。Eg. Some huge American industries, such as consumer electronics, had shrunk or vanished in the face of foreign competition.

  2、句号

  ①用于陈述句,表示一个句子的结束, 起分割切分句子作用。

  ②用于某些缩略词之后。比如Mr.、 Ms.、 etc。等等。如果句号作为简写符号使用,那么这个词语简写前后面的符号应该照常写上,因为简写号并非句号,也不遵循句号的语法。比如Entreprise Co., Ltd或者I invited Tom, Jerry, etc。(注意两个点)

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  ③用作小数点

  3、问号

  考研英语阅读文章中的问号一般都是设问的功能,只问不答,答案不言自明。Eg1. 考研难道没有价值吗?另外,如果开篇就是问句,那么则属于问题答案型文章,对问题的回答就是全文主旨。

  4、冒号

  冒号前后是从抽象到具体的过程,后面进一步补充说明前面的内容。

  Eg.1997 passage 3 Q2

  60. The word "pervasive" (Line 1, Paragraph 2) might mean ________。

  [A] widespread [B] overwhelming

  [C] piercing [D] fashionable

  We live in a society in which the medicinal and social use of substances (drugs) is pervasive: an aspirin to quiet a headache, some wine to be sociable, coffee to get going in the morning, a cigarette for the nerves。

  5、分号

  前后是并列关系,包括结构上并列和语义上的并列。

  For us, this means that evolution is over; the biological Utopia has arrived. (2000 Passage2)

  6、引号

  ①引用 ②强调 ③讽刺

  Eg1 "Scientific" creationism, which is being pushed by some for "equal time" in the classrooms whenever the scientific accounts of evolution are given, is based on religion, not science。

  7、括号

  ①解释说明生词;②补充说明

  Drugs (substances) that affect the central nervous system and alter perception, mood, and behavior are known as psychoactive substances. (1997,Text 3)

  8、破折号

  ①一个破折号后面起补充说明或评价判断。

  I am an idiot - the stupidest kind of all。

  "This book stands for reason itself。" And so it does - and all would be well were reason the only judge in the creationism/evolution debate。

  ②两破折号之间其补充说明,可先跳过不看。

  In Australia-where an aging population, life-extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their part-other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia。

  9、省略号

  英文中的省略号的作用和汉语是一样的。当省略号在句尾并且有下文时,应该打四个点,最后一个为句号。如:And it flew further, and further, and further.... Jorge smiled and turned back。当省略号在句尾并作为语气延长的作用时,应使用修辞前的标点,如:Do you love me...?其余情况下使用三个点。如:The Martians...they just...just bombed our...our town, please send...more.